Following is the complete bibliography from presenters at the 2020 NASTaP conference including books referenced in the introduction and during presentations. 

Anderson, J. W. (2015). Ute Indian Prayer Trees of the Pikes Peak Region. Colorado Springs, CO: Old Colorado City Historical Society.

Anderson, J. W. (2018). Native American prayer trees of Colorado. Colorado Springs, CO: Old Colorado City Historical Society.

Anderson, J. W. (2019, July 23). Native American Culturally Modified Trees. Retrieved from

Anderson, J. W. (2020). Zac Box. Colorado Springs, CO: Circle Star Publishing.

Blackstock, M. D. (2014). Faces in the Forest: First Nations Art Created on Living Trees. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

Cajete, G., & Bear, L. L. (2000). Native science: Natural laws of interdependence. Santa Fe, NM: Clear Light.

Downes, D., & Samors, N. S. (2011). Native American trail marker trees: Marking paths through the wilderness. Buffalo Grove, IL: Chicago’s Books Press.

Edwards, J. (n.d.). Index. Retrieved August, from

Elk, B., & Neihardt, J. G. (2014). Black Elk speaks. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.

Goodman, R., & Seeger, A. (2017). Lak̇ot̄a star knowledge: Studies in Lak̇ot̄a stellar theory. Mission, SD: SGU Publishing.

Grayshield, L., & Del Castillo, R. (2020). Indigenous ways of knowing in psychological counseling. SPRINGER NATURE.

Henrikson, M. I. (2017). The mystery of the fire trees of Southeast Alaska. Ward Cove, AK: Seventh Generation Arts.

Home. (n.d.). Retrieved August, from

Houser, S., Pelon, L., & Arterberry, J. W. (2016). Comanche marker trees of Texas. College Station, TX: Texas A&M university press.

Jefferson, J., Delaney, R. W., Thompson, G. C., & O’Neil, F. A. (1973). The Southern Utes: A tribal history. Ignacio, CO: Southern Ute tribe.

Lee, A. S., Rock, J., & O’Rourke, C. (2014). D(L)akota Star map constellation guidebook: An introduction to D(L)akota Star knowledge. St. Cloud, MN: Native Skywatchers. doi:Makoce Wicanhpi Wowapih

Lee, A. S., Wilson, W., Tibbetts, J., & Gawboy, C. (2014). Ojibwe Sky star map constellation guidebook: An introduction to Ojibwe Star knowledge. St. Cloud, MN: Native Skywatchers.

Molles, M. C. (2016). Ecology concepts and applications. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.

Native News (Producer). (2014, May 7). The Indigenous Worldview vs. Western Worldviews [Video file]. Retrieved July 16, 2020, from

Pavlik, S. (2015). Should Trees Have Legal Standing in Indian Country? Wicazo Sa Review, 30(1), 7. doi:10.5749/wicazosareview.30.1.0007

Reynolds Kaelin, C. (n.d.). Sacred Ancestral Lands of the Tabegauche.

Smith, R. (2015, October 21). Ute Indian Prayer Trees at Monument Preserve. Retrieved from

Smith, R. (2015, September 23). Ute Indian Prayer Trees at Fox Run Regional Park in Colorado Springs, CO. Retrieved September, from

Treuer, A. (2011). The Assassination of Hole in the Day. Minneapolis, MN: Minnesota Historical Society Press.

Treuer, A. (2012). Everything you wanted to know about Indians but were afraid to ask. Saint Paul, MN: Borealis Books.

Treuer, A. (2014). Atlas of Indian nations. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic.

Treuer, A. (2015). Warrior nation: A history of the Red Lake Ojibwe. St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Historical Society Press.

Treuer, A. (2020). The language warrior’s manifesto: How to keep our languages alive no matter the odds. Saint Paul, MN: Minnesota Historical Society Press.

Underwood, G. (1969). The pattern of the past. New York, NY: Pitman.

Waits, D. (n.d.). A Culturally Modified Tree along the Barr Trail on Pikes Peak, Colorado. Retrieved February 24, 2019, from

Waits, D. (n.d.). RMOTHG Virtual Hike Culturally Modified Trees. Retrieved August 04, 2020, from

Wells, D. (2020, February 21). Home. Retrieved August, from

Wells, D., & Wells, D. (2011). Mystery of the Trees-Native American Makers of a Cultural Way of Life That Soon May Be Gone. GA: Mountain Stewards Publishing.

Wells, D., & Wells, R. (2020, February 21). Home. Retrieved August 02, 2020, from

Narrator, Wes Studi

Wheatley, D. (2012). The essential dowsing guide. Huntsville, AR: Ozark Mountain Publishing.

Wilson, W. A., & Yellow Bird, M. (2010). For indigenous eyes only: A decolonization handbook. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research.

Ziegler, G. R., & Malville, J. M. (2013). Machu Picchu’s sacred sisters: Choquequirao and Llactapata astronomy, symbolism, and sacred geography in the Inca heartland. Boulder, CO: Johnson Books.